Home / India / Raipur

Raipur Travel Guide

Raipur is certainly one of the oldest cities in India, even though India boasts of many old cities. History has it that this region was ruled by the Kings of the Raipur City Satvahana dynasty between the 2nd and the 3rd centuries AD and then by Somvanshi kings. Sirpur was their capital which is just a few hours away from Raipur. One could find the earliest evidence of the existence of this city from the 9th-century ruins in the southern part of what is modern Raipur.

Later, the Kalchuris ruled this region and their capital was Ratanpur. King Ramchandra, a descendant of this dynasty founded the city of Raipur which was later made his capital. The city was named after his son Brahmdeo Rai.

When the region disintegrated into small principalities, it passed from one kingdom to another until the British finally conquered it in 1854. They then made Chattisgarh a separate Commissary (administrative unit) and Raipur was its district headquarters.

Raipur is located near the center of a large plain, sometimes referred to as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Baster Plateau.