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Goa Travel Guide

Goa western India, bounded on the north by Maharashtra, and on the east and south by Karnataka, formerly part of Portuguese India. Until May 1987, when it attained statehood, Goa was part of Goa, Daman, and Diu, a union territory named after the three districts it comprised. Daman and Diu retained separate status as union territories. The state capital is Panaji (Panjim). The population of the state (1991 census) is 1,169,793.Goa Information

There are three principal cities: Panaji, Mormugao and Madgaon. The Goa mainland, on the Malabar Cost, is the largest and historically the most important part of the state. Agriculture is the main occupation, with rice, fruits, coconuts, pulses and cashew nuts, the main crop. Fishing is also important and there is some mining of manganese, iron ore and bauxite.

The ancient Hindu city of Goa (Sanskrit Gove, Govapuri, or Gomant) lies in ruins. Nearby, the city of Old Goa (Port., velha Goa), founded about 1440 and conquered try the Portuguese in 1510, is also nearly abandoned, although it contains several very old buildings, including the cathedral founded by the Portuguese conqueror Afonso de Albuquerque in 1511 and the convent of St. Francis of Assisi (1517). At the height of its prosperity (c. 1575-1675). By the early l8th century, attacks by the natives and by rival Dutch traders had almost destroyed the city and in 1759 the capital was transferred to Nova Goa (later called Panjim and now Panaji). Daman (Port., Damdo), a town on the coast of the Gulf of Khambhat, north of Bombay; was sacked by the Portuguese in 1531 and a permanent colony was established there in. 1558. It is a port for trade with the eastern coast of Africa.