GULBARGA – The name Gulbarga comes from the Kannada word Kaliburgi which means 'the stony land'. The city was also the first capital of the Bahamani Kingdom that ruled the region in 1347 as well as the district and divisional headquarters of the Nizam's state.
The region also has produced famous poet, philosopher and founder of Carnatik music, Purandara Dasa under Vijaynagar Empire. Gulbarga has produced another famous saint, Shri Sharanabasaveshwara, in the 19th century.
The fort that was built by Raja Gulchand and later strengthened by Al-ud-din Bahmani. The Fort of Gulbarga is an amazing structure, with 15 towers and 26 guns. Inside the fort, is the Jama Masjid, built during the late 14th century by a Moorish architect who is said to have fashioned it on the lines of the great mosque in Cordoba in Spain. To the southern entrance of the fort is a group of royal tombs.
Khwaza Bandeh Nawaz Dargah
Hazrat Khwaja Bande Nawaz mausoleum built by the then Bahamani King Ahmed Shah Wali. The 14th century Sufi saint Khwaja Bande Nawaz was a disciple of Hazarath Khwaja Pir Naseeruddin Mahmood, who is also popularly known as Chirag of Delhi. Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesudiraz played an important role in preaching Islam in the Indian context during the 14th century.