Valley of Flowers
Valley of Flowers National Park is located in the Western Himalaya, Uttarakhand. It is well known for its wide variety of flora and pastures of extensive alpine flowers. This flower rich valley is also home to rare and endangered animals, like red fox, the Asiatic black bear, musk deer, brown bear, snow leopard and blue sheep. Apart from these animals this national park is also a habitat of rare species of birds.
The Valley of Flowers is a high-altitude Himalayan valley and is located at approx. 3658 meters above sea level. Together, the mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flower National Park comprise a unique changeover zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalayas. The park covers area of 8 km long and 2 km wide.
It has been well acknowledged by renowned botanists, mountaineers and wildlife lovers. Even today Indian yogis love to visit this place for their meditation.
History of Valley of flowers
In the year 1931, three British mountaineers Frank S. Smythe, Eric Shipton and R.L. Holdsworth, lost their way while returning from their expedition to Mt. Kamet and discovered the valley, which was full of flowers. They were enticed to the beauty of this valley and named it the "Valley of Flowers”.
Flowers found in Valley of Flowers
The Valley of Flowers has many different colorful flowers. Here is the list of flowers found in valley of flowers.
- Vajardanti, Potentilla atrisanguinea, Himalayan Cinquefoil.
- Geranium Collinum, Pannir Soppu
- Primula Denticulata, Primrose, Drumstick Primula, Jalkutre
- Thymus Linearis, Linear Leaved Thyme, Balma-jhar, Ban Ajwain
- Indigofera Heterantha, Himalayan Indigo, Kathi, Kathoj, Sakina
- Bistorta Affinis, Alteris Pauciflora,
- Cypripedium Himalaicum, Himalayan Venus
- Dactylorhiza Hatagirea, Hathageri, Paanch Anguli, Salaam Panja
- Epilobium Latifolium, River Beauty, Thalictrum Cultratum
- Rosa Macrophylla, Wild Rose, Ban Gulab, Dand Kunja
- Hyoscyamus Niger, Henbane, Bazer-Bhang, Dadura Ajavayan-Khurasani
- Morina Longifolia, Biskanakara, Biskandru
- Rhododendron Lepidotum, Typhonium Diversifolium
- Aruncus Dioicus, Goat’s beard or Bride’s feathers
- Colquhounia Coccinea, Himalayan Mint Shrub
- Epilobium Laxum, Fragaria Nubicola, Straw Berry, Wild Straw Berry, Gand-Kaphal, Kiplaya, Badri
- Impatiens Sulcata, Dog Flower, Chaul, Kwal, Rhodiola Wallichiana
- Oxyria Digyna, Mountain Sorrel, Chyakulti, Kailashi
- Polygonum Amplexicaule, Kutrya, Amli, Polygonum Capitatum, Kaflya
- Senecio Graciliflorus, Ground Sel, Kikret, Kuchee
- Allium Wallichi, Doona, Gobka, Laddu, Bistorta Vaccinifolia, Inuri
- Leycesteria Formosa, Himalayan Honey Suckle, Gulnar, Piralu
- Spiranthes Sinensis, Phirlya, Vigna Vexillata, Machali
- Corydalis Meifolia, Tongzil, Gymnadenia Orchidis, Nepeta Erecta
How to reach valley of flowers?
How to reach valley of flowers by Road?
The closest route to reach the Valley of Flowers by road is Govind Ghat. It takes approx.11-12 hour drive to Joshimath from Dehradun, further require another one hour to reach Gobindghat. From Gobindghat it is a 8 miles (13 km) trek along a narrow, steep, and narrow mountain trail to the base camp at Ghangaria.
Total distance from Delhi to valley of flowers is 508 kms plus 13 kms Trek from Pulna Village.
Best Route of vally of flowers from Delhi - Delhi – Meerut – Haridwar – Rishikesh – Rudraprayag – Joshimath – Govindghat – Pula Village – Trek to valley of flowers (13 kms).
How to reach valley of flowers by Train?
The nearest Railway station for vally of flowers is Rishikesh. After that you will have to go by road to Gobindghat. Distance from Rishikesh to Gobindghat is approx. 273 kms. Frequent service of trains are available to Rishikesh.
How to reach valley of flowers by Air?
The nearest airport to Valley of flowers is joint Grant airport. Daily flights are available from Delhi to this airport. You will have to cover a distance of 292 kms till Govindghat from there you can start your trek of 13 kms to valley of flowers.
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