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Pongal Festival in Tamil

Pongal Festival in Tamil

When the harvest is over, the people of Tamil Nadu offer a joyous thanks to the gods, the earth and their cattle. For four days they celebrate and worship with devotion.


Four Days of Pongal Celebration


Pongal  Kolam is a festival so uniquely Tamil that it has been designated the ‘State Festival’. It is a harvest festival that encompasses all of Tamil Nadu in its joyous embrace. It is a time when all the people of the different communities offer thanks to the gods, worship the sun, the earth, the cattle and their bounty with devotion. To say that Pongal is a harvest festival would curtail its importance.  Pongal festivities continue through the first four days of Thai month (mid-January to mid-February). The houses are cleaned, painted and decorated. People wear new clothes and the cattle are decorated with beads, bells, and flowers - their horns painted and capped with gleaming metals.


First Day

The first day of Pongal is Bhogi, marked by feasting and merrymaking. It is time for the new to replace the old. Huge bonfires are lit and all that is unwanted around the house is consigned. to the flames. Traditionally all old clay utensils were ritually broken and potters were asked to supply a fresh stock. Of course with the advent of plastics and steel, this ritual retains symbolic importance only.


Second Day

The second day is Pongal - the day when the pot of milk and rice must boil over to be auspicious. In Tamil Nadu, it is a day when happiness and hospitality abound. Early in the morning before sunrise, the women of the house draw intricate patterns called kolam outside their front doors. These patterns, drawn with rice and flour dyed in brilliant hues, are a regular feature outside a south Indian home or shop. It is an art handed down from mother to daughter over the ages. The politically conscious family even incorporates the electoral symbol of the preferred political party. For Pongal, the patterns depict pots of rice and milk boiling over along with sugar-Cane.


The ritual cooking of rice and milk is done in the open in the fields by farmers and in courtyards and lawns of homes in the cities at a pre-determined auspicious hour. The cooking area is decorated with flowers, rice paste, and kumkum. Even the cooking pots are decorated with their necks tied with freshly harvested turmeric. The boili and over of the contents is 1he auspicious sign that the family waits for. This is the offering to the Sun God and Mother Earth. The cooked preparation is Pongal (made of new rice, milk, and newly made jaggery) offered to the Gods along with preparations of vegetables and lentils, newly harvested sugarcane and bananas. Soon after all the family members sit down to a ritual meal.  



The third day is Mattu Pongal - a day for cattle worship. The cattle are bathed, decorated and fed ‘Pongal’. Cattle cars are raced on the roads and cattle fairs are held. People dance and sing in the village square.


Pongal Festival in Tamil

Fourth Day

The fourth day of Pongal is known as Kaanum Pongal - reserved for visiting friends and relatives. In some places in Tamil Nadu cattle rodeos are organized known as Jallikattu. Thousands of men pour into a dusty alley about 200 meters long and 20 meters wide with crude bamboo stands constructed along the length packed with spectators who spill over into the arena until it resembles a river of humanity.


The bulls are kept in an enclosure behind the stand. A bull is chosen and is slapped hard and pushed into the throng. It panics and runs into the crowd which makes way for the bull and some daring young men who run alongside att tempting to catch its horns and grab the bounty tied there. It matters little to them that they may be tossed into the air on a pair of huge pointed horns or take a tumble in the dust amid thundering hoofs. Bull after bull follows and there is no telling which direction they may take in the headlong dash, The crowd too is seemingly unaware of the danger. lt is an event that has to be seen to be believed. Jallikattu is a fitting finale to a devout, happy, joyous and reckless four days called Pongal.


Pongal Kolam Festival Date 2021

Tuesday, 14 January 2021


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