Tourism in India can be unforgettable as the history and culture of this country is full of richness and prosperity, attracting thousands of tourists across the globe towards India every years. The history of India has had majorly impacted India’s current evolution, which you may experience on your journey to Tourism of India. Home to the most popular Indus Valley civilization and a county of historic trade and royal empire, India is recognized for the abundant beauty and cultural wealth over the past five thousand years approximately.
The country is a dwelling place to major four religions, which are Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism while Islam, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Christianity arrived later in the first millennium AD and merged into the country’s diverse culture. India was titled as modern nation-state after the independence in 1947-a widespread that was marked as nonviolent resistance. Further, the history of India is divided into four major segments- the ancient era, the medieval era, the modern era and the post-independence era.
The Ancient Era
An insignia of Indian history back to those Stone Age with paintings on Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh can make your travel experience absolutely stunning. These paintings signify early traces of human on this land. You will also come across the first recognized permanent settlements that appeared 9,000 years ago and progressively developed in the Indus Valley civilization, back in 3300 BCE in Western India. This period was followed by Vedic civilizations, which are the roots of Hinduism and other culture factors of early Indian society. From 550 BCE many kingdoms and civilization happen in this country some which are Mahajanpandas and a lot more.
The Medieval Era
The huge empires build by the Maurya dynasty under the influence of Emperor Ashoka united South Asia in the third century BCE. From 180 BCE, a chain of foray took place in this country from Central Asia that was followed by Indo- Greeks, Indo-Parthians, Indo- Scythians, and Kushans in the north-western Indian subcontinent. However, the third century CE transformed the country as Gupta dynasty entered the country and that period is considered as “The Golden Age” of India history. South India was ruled by some great empires such as Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, Chalukyas, Pandays, Pallavas, and Cholas. The state of South India thrived under the benefaction of these great kings that led them to excel in Science, art, engineering, literature, astronomy, and philosophy. The famous Ajanta Caves were built in the 6th Century, which is a major attraction for many tourists.
The Modern Era
Another insignia of these invasions in the 10th and 11th Centuries were remarkable for North-Indians when Delhi Sultanate came into existence and later the Mughal dynasty. Mughal emperors strived to cover large parts of India, but the supremacy of Mughals declined and Maratha Empire became the dominant power. Since 16th centuries, several Europeans countries including France, Portugal, Netherlands, and the United Kingdom started arriving as traders in India and slowly, quietly took the step of building their colonies.