4. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
The wildlife of Kaziranga National Park (221 kilometers from Guwahati) is abundant and visible. The park is bordered on one side by the great Brahmaputra River and on the other by the Guwahati-Jorhat highway Kaziranga is the last stronghold of the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Water buffalo and small herds of swamp deer dot the grassy meadows and swamps, ospreys, fishing eagles, and harriers course the skies, and red jungle fowl abound. Wild elephants are also seen often.
5. Mahabodhi Temple, Bihar
The temple is located in Bodh Gaya, Patna, Bihar. It was built in 260 B.C. It is the sacred place where Lord Buddha meditated and reached enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. Sunga structures and old tailings around the temple are very ancient.
6. Amer Fort, Jaipur
Located 11 km far away from the pink city of India - Jaipur, the artistic grandeur of Amer Fort is one of the main hotspots attracting many tourists throughout the year. It was built by Raja Man Singh in 1592.
Constructed with red sandstone and marble, this majestic palace is laid out on four levels, each with a courtyard. It consists of the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), and the Sukh Niwas where cool winds blow over a water cascade within the palace.
Legend has it that a thousand years ago, the lovely young daughter of a Brahmin priest was seduced by the Moon God, and of their union was born Chandravarman, the founder of the Chandela dynasty: The Chandelas built 85 temples at Khajuraho in the short span of a century, between AD 950 and 1050. Only 25 of these temples remain, but they are architectural masterpieces. While the temples have been much publicized for their erotic sculpture alone, the sculpted panels are in fact an exuberant celebration of life in all its moods and forms. The Kandariya Mahadev is the most renowned of all the temples.
This temple, dedicated to the sun god Surya, was built in AD 1238 by King Narasimha Deva of the Ganga dynasty during the golden age of Orissan art and architecture. The profusely carved temple was conceived as a chariot. Twenty-four giant wheels symbolize the division of time; seven horses draw the chariot and the three images of Surva receive the rays of the sun at dawn, noon and sunset. Though the main temple tower has fallen, the audience hail stands proof of the magnificent scale on which the temple was originally executed. Every aspect of life has been carved on the temple and it has erotic images as exuberant as Khajuraho. The Konark temple, also known as the Black Pagoda, took twelve years to build, with 1200 masons and sculptors working on the site.
9. Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
Mahabalipuram, 45 kilometers from Chennai, is renowned for its monolithic temples and structures excavated during the reign of the Pallava ruler Rajasimha (AD 700 -AD 730). At the center of this group of monuments is the magnificent Arjuna's Penance, which is believed to represent a story from the Mahabharata. This sculpture is also known as the Descent of the Ganga. There are numerous caves with exquisite sculptures, five monolithic temples and a group of three temples on the seashore collectively known as the Shore Temple.
10. Ajanta and Ellora Caves
The well-preserved Ajanta murals and frescoes remain unmatched in the world of art. The 30 Buddhist caves, which contain these murals and frescoes, were excavated by Buddhist monks from the side of a horseshoe-shaped ravine between 200 BC and AD 650. The caves lay deserted and forgotten for centuries till they were "rediscovered" by British army officers in 1819. It is believed that at its prime, some 200 Buddhist monks lived in Ajanta.
The finest examples of cave architecture are to be seen at Ellora, the ancient Elapur. There are over 100 caves, of which 34 are significant. The Buddhist caves date to between AD 600 and AD 800, the Hindu caves between AD 600 and AD 900, and the jam caves between AD 800 and AD 1100.